Trinh Hoai Duc has a great dedication to the Nguyen in Vietnamese history.


Trinh Hoai Duc has a great dedication to the Nguyen in Vietnamese history. He is a man of virtue and integrity, trusted by the king, the spirit of aspiration.

Biography and family:

Trinh Hoai Duc was born in 1765 (At Dau). He is also called An, the only Son, the name is Can Trai. His ancestors were Fujian, China, who became a mandarin. In the life of Trinh Hoai Duc, Man Thanh emerged instead of Minh, because of his non-cooperation with the new court, his family to live in Vietnam. Trinh Hoai Duc is Trinh Khanh. He is known for his keen interest in calligraphy and is known for his high standards. Trinh Khanh married with Vietnamese girls. Trinh Hoai Duc was orphaned when he was 10 years old. In order to avoid chaos, his mother from Qui Nhon moved to the settlement area. Here, Trinh Hoai Duc was mother to the teacher Vo Tuong Toan, a famous postmodernist, the most famous virtuoso of that time. Trinh Hoai Duc studied hard, making friends with Le Quang Dinh, Ngo Nhon Tinh. The three of them later became glittering stars of the South, known as Gia Dinh Tam gia. In 1788, Nguyen Anh opened the exam in Gia Dinh, all three candidates to pass and pass.

Position and dedication:

Trinh Hoai Duc was appointed and in turn holds the position of Han Phat Appeal, Dien Tuan porcelain Tan Binh. In 1793, he was promoted to the Crown Prince (Prince Canh) and gradually promoted to the Ministry of Justice, the military. In 1802, Trinh Hoai Duc was promoted to the Upper House with Ngô Nhơn Tĩnh, Huynh Ngoc Uan went to China. In 1805, Trinh Hoai Duc was inaugurated in Gia Dinh Township and then renamed in 1808. In December 1813, Trinh Hoai Duc was promoted to Senior Resident in Thuong Hoai Duc. In 1816, Trinh Hoai Duc was re-elected as Gia Dinh Governor General. When Nguyen Anh died, Minh Mang came up instead of 1820, Trinh Hoai Duc was the king of business as deputy general in the National History, then promoted the League of Graduate students, Vice Minister of Defense. Trinh Hoai Duc with deep knowledge, the virtue of the admirer was appointed to judge many examinations by the court open.

Trinh Hoai Duc after 40 years of work is considered as the nation’s founding deeds, deprived of the head of the court but familiar life clear, saving life, near the end of his life also no home. In 1823, Trinh Hoai Duc because of old age, illness, offered leave. Minh Mang ordered 2,000 coins and wood, bricks and tiles for the house, and he gave ginseng to Trinh Hoai Duc for rest and treatment. In the fall of 1824, Trinh Hoai Duc was reappointed by Minh Mang as the chief editor of Nguyen Trieu Ngoc Diep and Ton Pha, and also worked as a merchant.

In the spring of 1825, after a period of illness, Trinh Hoai Duc died, at the age of 61 years. Emperor Minh Mang mourned, sent three days off the tide, posthumously awarded him the Thieu Bao, Can Chanh Electric University, the name is Van Hieu; The Mien Hoang priest himself took part in the sacrifice and brought Trinh Hoai Duc’s soul back to Nam according to his wish. Trinh Hoai Duc’s father came to Phien Tran, the governor of Le Van Duyet visited his mother’s home in Binh Van village, Bien Hoa.


Trinh Hoai Duc’s Chinese novels have: Contradictions: three volumes: rotten real editor, Quan quang, can practice. The poems made from 1783 to 1819, engraved in 1819.

The poem of the poem: poems made when going to the Qing Dynasty.

Gia Dinh tam gia practice: the poetry of the three Gia Dinh, namely: Trinh Hoai Duc, Ngo Nhan Tinh, Le Quang Dinh.

Positively embroidered porcelain: is a collection of 18 articles in the style of Nôm script [15]. In general, the poet Trinh Hoai Duc is often a poetic verse; And the theme is often “lyrical”, or describe “scenes, activities” of the peoplein the places he or she is passing through.

Old times

The earthquake

Gia Dinh into the message: composed of 6 volumes, written in Chinese, without preface, so it is not known in what year and under what circumstances.
Only know that the book was completed in Gia Long, so when King Minh Mang down the old book bridge (1820), he brought up. The content of the record
book is quite full of mountains, rivers, customs, products, people in Gia Dinh (today’s South), … This is a work that many researchers appreciate ,
and has been translated into French since the late 19th century.

Main reference source:

1/The history of the Nguyen Dynasty, national emissary. Translation by the Literature Publishing House in 2002.

2/Huynh Minh, Gia Dinh past, Thanh Nien Publishing House reprinted in 2001.

3/Zhao Yang, item from “Trinh Hoai Duc” in the literature dictionary (new set). World Publishing, 2004.

4/Trinh Van Thanh, Idioms – Hidden Object – Celebrities Dictionary (vol. 2). Hon Thiêng Publishing House, Saigon, 1967.

5/Bui Van Vuong, “Trinh Hoai Duc and Gia Dinh into the media”, articles in the General collection of geography in Vietnam (volume 3).
Thanh Nien Publishing House, 2012.



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